Arthroscopic knee surgery is a minimally invasive surgery where several small incisions are made and a camera and medical instruments are inserted into the knee and used to perform the surgery.
Reasons for Having the Procedure
This surgery is performed to correct various knee problems including:
- Knee ligament injuries (anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), posterior cruciate ligament (PCL), medial collateral ligament (MCL), lateral collateral ligament (LCL))
- Torn meniscus, which is the cartilage in your knee that acts as a shock absorber and helps keep your knee stable
- Broken cartilage in the knee joint
- Bone fractures
- Misaligned kneecap (patella)
- Baker cyst, which is a bulge behind the knee that is filled with fluid
Schedule an Appointment
Orthopedic surgeons at Valley Care Clinics can evaluate your condition and perform arthroscopic knee surgery.
Description of the Procedure
You will be under local, regional, or general anesthesia during the procedure so you will feel no pain. The surgeon will make several small incisions around your knee. A small camera at the end of a thin tube, called an arthroscope, will be inserted through one of the incisions. The surgeon will use this camera to guide the operation. Other surgical instruments will be inserted through the other incisions to perform the surgery. When the surgery is done, the incisions will be closed using stitches and will be covered with dressings. If there are no complications, you will be sent home the same day.
There are minor risks to arthroscopic knee surgery including:
- Allergic reaction to the anesthesia
- Bleeding in the knee joint
- Blood clot
- Injury to a blood vessel or nerve
- Infection in the knee
- Knee stiffness
The outlook for recovery after arthroscopic knee surgery is very good. If you had a simple procedure done, your recovery should be fast and you should be able to return to an active lifestyle within one to two months. For more complex surgeries such as rebuilding a knee ligament, recovery is much longer. Crutches or a knee brace may be required for several weeks, and it may take up to a year to fully recover. A rehabilitation plan and possible lifestyle changes may be required to achieve the best possible outcome.